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15-Year-Old with LD Won't Read

LD and ADD/ADHD Expert Advice from Eileen S. Marzola, Ed.D.

Q: My 15-year-old never reads. He's not interested. I even got books on cassettes so he could follow along with the book, but he never listens to them. He has LD and a fourth-grade reading level. He doesn't pass the state tests. He's in special education at the high school. How do I get him to read? How do I explain to him what he has so that he can understand himself?

A: It's very hard to be motivated to read if reading is hard for you. Is your son making progress in the special education program he's in? Every few months you should be getting regular updates on how he's doing. If he's not making progress, he may need a change in program or approach to teaching. Talk to his teacher and go over his Individual Education Plan with her. See what other options are available to him if what he's getting is not working. For example, there are reading instructional programs that are designed for kids your son's age that have been very successful. One of the best known is the Wilson Reading System.

To increase your son's motivation to read, try setting a time aside when everybody reads in the house. You can read the newspaper or a book of your own while he tackles his own material. Have a look at It gives many ideas to motivate boys to read and includes recommendations of books that boys have liked. Be careful that the reading level is a comfortable "fit" for him. What is your son interested in? Would he read comic books? Sports Illustrated for Kids? Have you tried listening along with him when he has books on tape?

Have you tried a reward system? Track the number of times your son reads for 15 or 20 minutes on his own or with the book on tape. For every time he does this, give him a check on a chart. When he has collected a designated number of checks (e.g., 5 or 10 checks), he can trade them in for a reward of something he would enjoy doing. Part of the fun of this is finding what would motivate him to do this work. For some kids it's a trip to McDonald's. For others, it's time on an outing alone with Mom or Dad.

There's another important issue you've brought up: helping your son to understand his learning disability. Try these suggestions:

1. There's a wonderful book written for kids your son's age called Keeping Ahead in School by Dr. Mel Levine. There's also an accompanying tape with Dr. Levine reading the text. The book is divided into chapters that discuss different kinds of learning disabilities and how they can apply to different kids.

2. Try talking to your son's teacher and/or guidance counselor and see if there is any kind of organized program to teach kids in your son's school about their learning difficulties and, even more important, teaching them to advocate for themselves so that they get what they need in school -- and in life.

3. If there is a branch of one of the many advocacy groups for children and adults with learning disabilities in your community, one of them might hold meetings for teenagers. Try contacting the Learning Disabilities Association of America at 1-888-300-6710 or the International Dyslexia Association at 1-800-ABCD123.

4. Finally, if your son knows how to use the computer and access the Web, there is a wonderful website for teens where your son can ask questions in private and get answers from professionals and from other teens with similar problems.

More on: Expert Advice

For more than 20 years, Eileen Marzola has worked with children and adults with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, and with their parents and teachers. She has been a regular education classroom teacher, a consultant teacher/resource teacher, an educational evaluator/diagnostician, and has also taught graduate students at the university level. Marzola is an adjunct assistant professor of education at Teachers College, Columbia University, and Hunter College of the City University of New York. She also maintains a private practice in the evaluation and teaching of children with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders.

Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.


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