Home > School and Learning > Learning Differences > Diagnosing Lds > Memory Problems in Five-Year-Old
|

Expert Iconexpert advice MORE

Memory Problems in Five-Year-Old

LD and ADD/ADHD Expert Advice from Eileen S. Marzola, Ed.D.

Q: My five-year-old son is finishing preschool and he can't remember things like his address, colors, shapes, and names of family members. His teacher is trying to get a screening done, but says it is similar to the one she did. I don't know how to find out if something is wrong.

A: You are very wise to want to address the problems your son is having at this age. Difficulties like this with naming and remembering can lead to later struggles with learning how to read. We have a lot of information about warning signs for learning disabilities so we can give kids the supports they need before they fail. Take a look at LD and Your Child: An Age-by-Age Guide and What's LD? on FamilyEducation.com.

Here are some of the common signs of learning disabilities for preschoolers:

  • Speaks later than most children
  • Pronunciation problems
  • Slow vocabulary growth, often unable to find the right words
  • Difficulty rhyming words
  • Trouble learning numbers, alphabet, days of the week, colors, shapes
  • Trouble interacting with peers
  • Difficulty following directions or routines
  • Fine motor skills slow to develop

    It would certainly be to your advantage to have your child evaluated. You have a right under federal law to request a free evaluation from your local school system. If you have any trouble getting started or if you want someone to help walk you through the system, contact the Coordinated Campaign for Learning Disabilities (www.aboutld.org) at 1-888-GR8-MIND. They will help you to find a parent support group in your community where you can get more assistance. They can also send you free information about learning disabilities, including their booklet Learning Disabilities: Information, Strategies, Resources. I'd also read Susan Hall and Louisa Moats' book, Straight Talk About Reading: How Parents Can Make a Difference During the Early Years.

    The best reason for getting an evaluation early is that research shows that if you identify and give appropriate supports to a child in kindergarten or first grade, there's a 90 percent chance that he will become at least an average reader. If you wait until much later, the odds of improving his skills sufficiently become much less.

    More on: Expert Advice

    For more than 20 years, Eileen Marzola has worked with children and adults with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, and with their parents and teachers. She has been a regular education classroom teacher, a consultant teacher/resource teacher, an educational evaluator/diagnostician, and has also taught graduate students at the university level. Marzola is an adjunct assistant professor of education at Teachers College, Columbia University, and Hunter College of the City University of New York. She also maintains a private practice in the evaluation and teaching of children with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders.


    Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of FamilyEducation.com should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.
  • highlights

    11 Awesome STEM Toys to Get Kids into Science & Math
    Get your child excited about the STEM subjects (science, technology, engineering, and math) and summer learning! See our picks for science kits, math games, and other STEM toys for kids of all ages.

    Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
    Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, brought to you by Galactic Hot Dogs.

    Preventing Hot Car Deaths: 6 Facts & Tips for Parents
    Every year, between 30 and 50 children in the U.S. die from overheating in a vehicle. Learn facts and prevention tips to safeguard your child from "hot car death."

    Registered for Kindergarten — Now What?
    Try our award-winning Kindergarten Readiness app! This easy-to-use checklist comes with games and activities to help your child build essential skills for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

    stay connected

    Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

    Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

    Facebook icon Facebook icon Follow Us on Pinterest

    editor’s picks