Home > School and Learning > Learning Differences > Supporting Your LD Child > Learning Disabilities and Your Child: An Age-by-Age Guide

Learning Disabilities and Your Child: An Age-by-Age Guide

"Although my son walked at the appropriate age and reached other milestones at the right time, I felt that something was not quite right," says Yvette Moran, parent. "His social skills were lacking around other kids. We observed him carefully for a period of time and at age two and a half he was diagnosed with a learning disability." No one knows your child like you do. Trust your instincts and observations. If something "just seems wrong" and your child displays several of the following problems consistently, you might want to consider the existence of a learning disability.

  • Problems with following routines or directions
  • Fine motor skills slow to develop
  • Difficulty rhyming words
  • Speaks later than peers
  • Problems with pronunciation
  • Problems with vocabulary, trouble finding the right word
  • Extremely restless and distracted easily
  • Trouble with social skills
  • Trouble learning colors, shapes, days of week, numbers, alphabet
A full evaluation by trained professionals is the next step in helping your child. Your pediatrician can refer you to a number of specialists trained in the area of difficulty. Working with a team of professionals and joining with other parents can provide your family with a valuable support system.

The Elementary Years

"When my son started kindergarten I noticed that he had problems with coordination when performing simple tasks such as tying his shoes or combing his hair," says Carol McGaffigan. "We worked consistently with him for many years. The hard work paid off with some terrific dividends. Our son developed a photographic memory that amazed his teachers." Coordination problems can be a warning sign of a learning disability. If your child exhibits several of the following characteristics over a long period of time, you might want to have her tested.

  • Unstable pencil grip
  • Trouble learning about time
  • Difficulty remembering facts
  • Confuses basic words (dog, cat, run)
  • Difficulty learning new skills, relying on memorization
  • Poor coordination, "accident prone", unaware of physical surroundings
  • Difficulty learning the connection between letters and sounds
  • Spelling and reading errors such as substitutions (house/home), letter reversals (b/d), inversions (m/w) and transpositions (felt/left).
  • Problems with planning, impulsive
  • Transposes number sequences and confuses arithmetic signs (x,/,=/+/-)
Speak with your child's teacher and arrange for a comprehensive evaluation of your child's difficulties. This will enable you and a group of professionals to correctly assess areas of strengths and weaknesses, and thus decide upon the best course of action to help your child. Offering constant support to your child is your best strategy.

More on: Diagnosing Lds


8 Epic Emoji-Themed Crafts, Activities & Recipes
Check out the best emoji crafts, activities, and recipes! They're perfect for an emoji-themed birthday party or anytime you need DIY (and screen-free!) summer activities for kids, tweens, and teens.

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme!

10 Free Summer Learning Worksheets
Print these free printables for preschoolers and kindergarteners to help your child's mind stay sharp until September!

Ready for Kindergarten?
Try our award-winning Kindergarten Readiness app! This easy-to-use checklist comes with games and activities to help your child build essential skills for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Facebook icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks