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Meeting a Gifted Child's Needs
Q: We thought our three-year-old had ADD, but our pediatrician told us that he wasn't ADD at all. She felt he was extremely intelligent and should be placed in a "strict, structured school environment." The doctor only did a few "office type" tests, such as testing his memory, basic number/letter/color skills, and attention levels. We feel our child is exceptional and should pursue his education at an accelerated speed; however, he's still so young. What do you suggest? Would a Montessori school be appropriate or should we homeschool?
A: A parent's first-line resource in evaluating a child is often the child's pediatrician. Pediatricians are trained to assess the overall health of children and normal development, and to make recommendations for their well-being.
Assessing young children is often a challenging process, in part because young children are less schooled in test-taking. Obtaining a good measure of their abilities requires a professional who is skilled in working with young children, who knows developmental levels, and who can establish rapport with young children. Young children often change quickly, showing new abilities today that were absent yesterday.
Before making a decision about placement, I would recommend that you consult a pediatric psychologist or child clinical psychologist who is experienced with young children. They can do a comprehensive assessment of your child, perhaps in combination with other professionals to provide a complete picture of your child's development physically, socially, cognitively, and emotionally. Share with the psychologist your concerns about ADD and your pediatrician's assessment of your child as very intelligent. Sometimes a local public-school district will provide such services for preschool-age children. You may want to contact the school psychologist or principal at your local school for assistance. If the school does not provide such services, you may find a pediatric or clinical child psychologist through a local university or medical center. Your pediatrician's office may also make referrals. FamilyEducation offers a wealth of resources to address your question. In the left-hand site navigation column, you will find the Gifted and Talented, Homeschooling, and LD and ADHD channels. You may also want to go back and read some of the questions and responses from Felice Kaufmann, the previous Gifted and Talented expert, and from the LD and ADHD experts.
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Rita Culross is Associate Dean, College of Education, and Adjunct Professor of Psychology and Curriculum and Instruction at Louisiana State University. Culross has served as the consulting school psychologist for a public school elementary gifted program, and has written a book and several journal articles on gifted education.