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Balancing Rewards and Discipline with Your Middle-Schooler

Education Expert Advice from Peggy Gisler, Ed.S. and Marge Eberts, Ed.S.

Q: I just received my eighth-grader's progress report and he's flunking most of his classes due to not turning in his assignments. He doesn't seem concerned about his grades. I'm involved with his school, and he shows no sign of other problems with things such as depression, drugs, etc. He's doing homework at home, but obviously not all of it. He's been involved with school sports, but because of his grades he is no longer able to participate.

I've taken things away from him that he enjoys, but how much is too much to take away? How should I reward him and what is a good balance between rewards and discipline? I really want to work with him at solving this problem before he begins high school next year.

A: There is probably far more to your son's problems at school than not turning in assignments. How are his grades on quizzes and tests? What is his attitude in the classroom? Does he have good study skills? Is he a competent reader?

Do not think that your son is unconcerned about his grades. No matter what type of attitude students project, almost all truly want to succeed in school. Few, however, can turn things around academically without help.

You need to have a conference right away with all his teachers to find out exactly why he is doing so poorly in school. Once you know what is causing your son's difficulties, work together to draw up a plan to help him improve his grades.

For any plan to work, your son must be deeply involved in its creation, or he won't be willing to support it. Make sure he attends all conferences designed to help him.

Your son certainly needs to get in the homework habit before high school. Because the work is becoming more difficult, doing homework really reinforces what is being learned in the classroom and leads to success at school.

Just using rewards and/or penalties is not the best way to ensure that your son does his homework. A better way is for both of you to agree on a homework contract. These contracts have solved homework problems for many families.

A contract will establish exactly how, when, and, where homework is done and can also include rewards and penalties that you agree upon together. Click here to find a sample of the contract.

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Peggy Gisler and Marge Eberts are experienced teachers who have more than 60 educational publications to their credit. They began writing books together in 1979. Careers for Bookworms was a Book-of-the-Month Club paperback selection, and Pancakes, Crackers, and Pizza received recognition from the Children's Reading Roundtable. Gisler and Eberts taught in classrooms from kindergarten through graduate school. Both have been supervisors at the Butler University Reading Center.

Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of FamilyEducation.com should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.

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