Home > Entertainment and Activities > Holidays > Black History Month > White Terrorist Groups in the U.S.
|

White Terrorist Groups in the U.S.

For the institution of slavery to have thrived in the United States, slave owners had had to use violence—or, more accurately, the threat of violence, reinforced constantly by its predictable, highly visual application against those enslaved. Precisely the same approach helped to secure the long reign of “emancipation without freedom” in the South.

White terrorist groups—chief among them the Ku Klux Klan—made sure African Americans lived in constant terror of random violence.

The Klan

The white supremacist organization known as the Ku Klux Klan had two formal incarnations. The first, dating from 1866, was led by the former Confederate Nathan Bedford Forrest; it focused on wounding, murdering, and otherwise terrorizing African Americans, and on maintaining a racially divided society in which whites dominated. That version of the Klan was formally disbanded in 1869, although For-rest's followers continued to work in informal networks to deny African Americans their voting rights.

The Klan formally resurfaced in 1915, inspired to carry out a much broader mission of hatred. In response to large-scale immigration from Europe, the Klan added Catholics, Jews, and southern and eastern Europeans to its list of undesirables. This incarnation of the Klan, which took advantage of a wave of native-soil patriotism during the World War I period, proved extraordinarily popular not only in the South, but in certain Northern areas as well. (The movement was an extremely powerful political force, for instance, in the state of Kansas in the early and mid-1920s.)



|

Excerpted from The Complete Idiot's Guide to African-American History © 2003 by Melba J. Duncan. All rights reserved including the right of reproduction in whole or in part in any form. Used by arrangement with Alpha Books, a member of Penguin Group (USA) Inc.

To order this book visit the Idiot's Guide web site or call 1-800-253-6476.


highlights

Bug Off! 6 Tick- and Mosquito-Borne Diseases
Which bug bites are dangerous? Learn about 6 diseases spread by ticks and mosquitoes, the signs and symptoms, and treatment options if someone in your family gets infected.

Find Today's Newest & Best Children's Books!
Looking for newly released books for your child? Try our new Book Finder tool to search for new books by age, type, and theme, brought to you by Galactic Hot Dogs.

Top 10 Backyard Party Games for All Ages
Looking for some fun outdoor games for your Fourth of July party or barbecue? Check out these awesome group games, from sack races to cornhole, to make your backyard a kid-friendly party spot!

Registered for Kindergarten — Now What?
Try our award-winning Kindergarten Readiness app! This easy-to-use checklist comes with games and activities to help your child build essential skills for kindergarten. Download the Kindergarten Readiness app today!

stay connected

Sign up for our free email newsletters and receive the latest advice and information on all things parenting.

Enter your email address to sign up or manage your account.

Facebook icon Facebook icon Follow Us on Pinterest

editor’s picks