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Keeping a Child with ADD Engaged

LD and ADD/ADHD Expert Advice from Eileen S. Marzola, Ed.D.

Q: Do you have any advice on how to keep a 13-year-old ADHD child's mind occupied for a longer period of time? I've been homeschooling her for the past 3 years, but sometimes it's a challenge.

A: Even the most experienced teachers can find working with a 13-year-old adolescent challenging. Without specific details about the problems you're dealing with, it's difficult to make specific suggestions, but keep in mind that the key to working with kids with ADHD is to provide engaging, interactive activities that are well-paced to keep their interest.

Do you use a computer with your daughter? If there are learning as well as attentional issues, kids are often much more willing to do the kind of practice that is necessary to succeed when they are working on a computer rather than with flash cards or doing tedious written drills. There are other ways a computer can be used to maintain interest and increase learning. For example, there's a wonderful computer program called Inspiration (Go to for a free 30-day download) that is particularly good for jump-starting the writing process. Multimedia CD-ROMs can make history and science come alive for all kids.

Have you tried linking up with other parents who are homeschooling kids your daughter's age? Well-structured, cooperative learning activities with other kids can also help maintain focus. An excellent resource for kid-tested activities is Sandra Rief's How to Reach and Teach ADD/ADHD Children. She also has a video available to see some of her strategies in action.

You might also try to attend your local CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Disorders) meetings to hook up with other parents who may be experiencing the same difficulties. Call CHADD's toll-free number 1-800-233-4050 or look at their website to find out if there is a branch in your community.

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For more than 20 years, Eileen Marzola has worked with children and adults with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders, and with their parents and teachers. She has been a regular education classroom teacher, a consultant teacher/resource teacher, an educational evaluator/diagnostician, and has also taught graduate students at the university level. Marzola is an adjunct assistant professor of education at Teachers College, Columbia University, and Hunter College of the City University of New York. She also maintains a private practice in the evaluation and teaching of children with learning disabilities and attention deficit disorders.

Please note: This "Expert Advice" area of should be used for general information purposes only. Advice given here is not intended to provide a basis for action in particular circumstances without consideration by a competent professional. Before using this Expert Advice area, please review our General and Medical Disclaimers.


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